Banarasi Sarees are considered to be one of the finest and most exquisite sarees in India. These sarees are traditionally woven in Varanasi, also known as Banaras, a city located in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh. The Banarasi Sarees is known for its rich texture, intricate designs, and heavy embroidery work. It is a popular choice for weddings, formal occasions, and festivities.
The history of Banarasi Sarees dates back to the Mughal era when skilled weavers from Persia were brought to India to weave fabrics for the royal family. The Banarasi Sarees evolved as a result of the fusion of Indian and Persian weaving techniques, creating a unique style of weaving that was distinct to Banaras. The Banarasi Sarees was initially woven with real gold and silver threads, making it an expensive and exclusive fabric worn only by royalty and the wealthy. However, with the advent of the Industrial Revolution and the availability of cheaper synthetic fibres, the use of real gold and silver threads decreased, making the Banarasi Sarees more accessible to the common people.
Banarasi Sarees are not only a symbol of luxury and elegance but also a sustainable and eco-friendly fashion choice. These sarees are woven using traditional handloom techniques, which involve minimal use of electricity and do not emit harmful pollutants. The use of natural fibres like silk and cotton, and the absence of synthetic materials, make Banarasi Sarees biodegradable and environmentally friendly. The traditional handloom weaving techniques used to create Banarasi Sarees have been passed down through generations and are a part of India's rich cultural heritage. By choosing to wear Banarasi Sarees, you are supporting the local weavers and craftsmen who have been weaving these sarees for centuries. This helps to preserve the art of handloom weaving and promotes sustainable livelihoods for rural communities. Moreover, the use of natural fibres like silk and cotton in Banarasi Sarees is a sustainable alternative to synthetic fabrics like polyester and nylon, which are derived from non-renewable sources like petroleum. Synthetic fabrics take a long time to decompose, contributing to environmental pollution and damage. In contrast, natural fibres like silk and cotton are biodegradable, meaning they can be easily decomposed by natural processes, reducing the environmental impact.
The Banarasi Sarees is woven using a unique weaving technique called the 'kadwa' technique. This involves the use of small shuttles to weave the motifs and designs into the fabric. The weavers work on handlooms to create intricate designs, which can take anywhere from a few days to several months, depending on the complexity of the design. The designs on the Banarasi Sarees are inspired by Mughal art and architecture, nature, and mythology. Some of the popular motifs include floral designs, paisleys, peacocks, and elephants. The intricate designs are created by weaving gold and silver threads into the fabric, giving it a rich and luxurious look.
1. Pure Silk Banarasi saree:
As the name suggests, this saree is made of pure silk and is known for its rich texture, intricate designs, and heavy embroidery work. It is a popular choice for weddings and formal occasions.
2. Organza Banarasi Sarees:
This saree is made of organza fabric, which is a lightweight and sheer fabric. It is known for its delicate designs and intricate embroidery work.
Beige And Yellow Handloom Pure Kora Silk Banarasi Saree With Kadhwa Border
3. Georgette Banarasi Saree:
This saree is made of georgette fabric, which is a lightweight and flowy fabric. It is known for its elegant and sophisticated look.Red Handloom Pure Georgette Banarasi Bandhej Saree With Cutwork Weave
4. Katan Banarasi Saree:
This saree is made of Katan silk, which is a type of silk that is known for its durability and strength. It is known for its intricate designs and heavy embroidery work.Handloom Orange Pure Katan Silk Banarasi Brocade Saree With Wave Design
5. Tanchoi Banarasi saree:
This saree is known for its unique weaving technique, which involves the use of three different colors in the weft and warp threads. It is known for its vibrant colors and intricate designs.
6. Jangla Banarasi saree:
This saree is known for its intricate and detailed designs, which are created using gold and silver threads. It is a popular choice for weddings and formal occasions.
Banarasi Sarees are versatile and timeless, making them a sustainable fashion choice. These sarees always stay in style and can be worn for various occasions, from weddings and formal events to casual outings. By investing in a Banarasi Sarees, you are not only making a sustainable choice but also a long-term investment in your wardrobe. To ensure the longevity of your Banarasi Sarees, it is important to take proper care of it. Hand wash the saree with a mild detergent and cold water, and avoid using a washing machine or dryer. Store the saree in a dry and cool place, away from direct sunlight and moisture, to prevent damage.
Banarasi sarees are a sustainable and eco-friendly fashion choice that not only promotes the preservation of traditional handloom weaving techniques but also supports sustainable livelihoods for rural communities. By investing in a Banarasi Sarees, you are making a conscious choice towards sustainable fashion and contributing to a better future for our planet.
Author - Aditi Bapna